sábado, dezembro 25, 2010

Distributed Multitiered Applications

The Java EE platform uses a distributed multitiered application model for enterprise applications. Application logic is divided into components according to function, and the various application components that make up a Java EE application are installed on different machines depending on the tier in the multitiered Java EE environment to which the application component belongs.
Figure 1-1 shows two multitiered Java EE applications divided into the tiers described in the following list. The Java EE application parts shown in Figure 1-1 are presented in Java EE Components.
  • Client-tier components run on the client machine.
  • Web-tier components run on the Java EE server.
  • Business-tier components run on the Java EE server.
  • Enterprise information system (EIS)-tier software runs on the EIS server.
Although a Java EE application can consist of the three or four tiers shown in Figure 1-1, Java EE multitiered applications are generally considered to be three-tiered applications because they are distributed over three locations: client machines, the Java EE server machine, and the database or legacy machines at the back end. Three-tiered applications that run in this way extend the standard two-tiered client and server model by placing a multithreaded application server between the client application and back-end storage.

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