segunda-feira, julho 03, 2017

Training and test error rates

Notice that the training and test error rates of the model are large when the size of the tree is very small. This situation is known as model underfitting. Underfitting occurs because the model has yet to learn the true structure of the data. As a result, it performs poorly on both the training and the test sets. As the number of nodes in the decision tree increases, the tree will have fewer training and test errors. However, once the tree becomes too large, its test error rate begins to increase even though its training error rate continues to decrease. This phenomenon is known as model overfitting

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